Top drugs and pharmaceutical companies of 2019 by revenues
Acquisitions and spin-offs dominated headlines in 2019 and the tone was set very early with Bristol-Myers Squibb acquiring New Jersey-based cancer drug company Celgene in a US$ 74 billion deal announced on January 3, 2019. After factoring in debt, the deal value ballooned to about US$ 95 billion, which according to data compiled by Refinitiv, made it the largest healthcare deal on record. In the summer, AbbVie Inc, which sells the world’s best-selling drug Humira, announced its acquisition of Allergan Plc, known for Botox and other cosmetic treatments, for US$ 63 billion. While the companies are still awaiting regulatory approval for their deal, with US$ 49 billion in combined 2019 revenues, the merged entity would rank amongst the biggest in the industry. View Our Interactive Dashboard on Top drugs by sales in 2019 (Free Excel Available) The big five by pharmaceutical sales — Pfizer, Roche, J&J, Novartis and Merck Pfizer continued to lead companies by pharmaceutical sales by reporting annual 2019 revenues of US$ 51.8 billion, a decrease of US$ 1.9 billion, or 4 percent, compared to 2018. The decline was primarily attributed to the loss of exclusivity of Lyrica in 2019, which witnessed its sales drop from US$ 5 billion in 2018 to US$ 3.3 billion in 2019. In 2018, Pfizer’s then incoming CEO Albert Bourla had mentioned that the company did not see the need for any large-scale M&A activity as Pfizer had “the best pipeline” in its history, which needed the company to focus on deploying its capital to keep its pipeline flowing and execute on its drug launches. Bourla stayed true to his word and barring the acquisition of Array Biopharma for US$ 11.4 billion and a spin-off to merge Upjohn, Pfizer’s off-patent branded and generic established medicines business with Mylan, there weren’t any other big ticket deals which were announced. The Upjohn-Mylan merged entity will be called Viatris and is expected to have 2020 revenues between US$ 19 and US$ 20 billion and could outpace Teva to become the largest generic company in the world, in term of revenues.  Novartis, which had followed Pfizer with the second largest revenues in the pharmaceutical industry in 2018, reported its first full year earnings after spinning off its Alcon eye care devices business division that had US$ 7.15 billion in 2018 sales. In 2019, Novartis slipped two spots in the ranking after reporting total sales of US$ 47.4 billion and its CEO Vas Narasimhan continued his deal-making spree by buying New Jersey-headquartered The Medicines Company (MedCo) for US$ 9.7 billion to acquire a late-stage cholesterol-lowering therapy named inclisiran. As Takeda Pharmaceutical Co was busy in 2019 on working to reduce its debt burden incurred due to its US$ 62 billion purchase of Shire Plc, which was announced in 2018, Novartis also purchased the eye-disease medicine, Xiidra, from the Japanese drugmaker for US$ 5.3 billion. Novartis’ management also spent a considerable part of 2019 dealing with data-integrity concerns which emerged from its 2018 buyout of AveXis, the gene-therapy maker Novartis had acquired for US$ 8.7 billion. The deal gave Novartis rights to Zolgensma, a novel treatment intended for children less than two years of age with the most severe form of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Priced at US$ 2.1 million, Zolgensma is currently the world’s most expensive drug. However, in a shocking announcement, a month after approving the drug, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a press release on data accuracy issues as the agency was informed by AveXis that its personnel had manipulated data which the FDA used to evaluate product comparability and nonclinical (animal) pharmacology as part of the biologics license application (BLA), which was submitted and reviewed by the FDA. With US$ 50.0 billion (CHF 48.5 billion) in annual pharmaceutical sales, Swiss drugmaker Roche came in at number two position in 2019 as its sales grew 11 percent driven by its multiple sclerosis medicine Ocrevus, haemophilia drug Hemlibra and cancer medicines Tecentriq and Perjeta. Roche’s newly introduced medicines generated US$ 5.53 billion (CHF 5.4 billion) in growth, helping offset the impact of the competition from biosimilars for its three best-selling drugs MabThera/Rituxan, Herceptin and Avastin. In late 2019, after months of increased antitrust scrutiny, Roche completed its US$ 5.1 billion acquisition of Spark Therapeutics to strengthen its presence in gene therapy. Last year, J&J reported almost flat worldwide sales of US$ 82.1 billion. J&J’s pharmaceutical division generated US$ 42.20 billion and its medical devices and consumer health divisions brought in US$ 25.96 billion and US$ 13.89 billion respectively.  Since J&J’s consumer health division sells analgesics, digestive health along with beauty and oral care products, the US$ 5.43 billion in consumer health sales from over-the-counter drugs and women’s health products was only used in our assessment of J&J’s total pharmaceutical revenues. With combined pharmaceutical sales of US$ 47.63 billion, J&J made it to number three on our list. While the sales of products like Stelara, Darzalex, Imbruvica, Invega Sustenna drove J&J’s pharmaceutical business to grow by 4 percent over 2018, the firm had to contend with generic competition against key revenue contributors Remicade and Zytiga. US-headquartered Merck, which is known as MSD (short for Merck Sharp & Dohme) outside the United States and Canada, is set to significantly move up the rankings next year fueled by its cancer drug Keytruda, which witnessed a 55 percent increase in sales to US$ 11.1 billion. Merck reported total revenues of US$ 41.75 billion and also announced it will spin off its women’s health drugs, biosimilar drugs and older products to create a new pharmaceutical company with US$ 6.5 billion in annual revenues. The firm had anticipated 2020 sales between US$ 48.8 billion and US$  50.3 billion however this week it announced that the coronavirus  pandemic will reduce 2020 sales by more than $2 billion. View Our Interactive Dashboard on Top drugs by sales in 2019 (Free Excel Available)  Humira holds on to remain world’s best-selling drug AbbVie’s acquisition of Allergan comes as the firm faces the expiration of patent protection for Humira, which brought in a staggering US$ 19.2 billion in sales last year for the company. AbbVie has failed to successfully acquire or develop a major new product to replace the sales generated by its flagship drug. In 2019, Humira’s US revenues increased 8.6 percent to US$ 14.86 billion while internationally, due to biosimilar competition, the sales dropped 31.1 percent to US$ 4.30 billion. Bristol Myers Squibb’s Eliquis, which is also marketed by Pfizer, maintained its number two position and posted total sales of US$ 12.1 billion, a 23 percent increase over 2018. While Bristol Myers Squibb’s immunotherapy treatment Opdivo, sold in partnership with Ono in Japan, saw sales increase from US$ 7.57 billion to US$ 8.0 billion, the growth paled in comparison to the US$ 3.9 billion revenue increase of Opdivo’s key immunotherapy competitor Merck’s Keytruda. Keytruda took the number three spot in drug sales that previously belonged to Celgene’s Revlimid, which witnessed a sales decline from US$ 9.69 billion to US$ 9.4 billion. Cancer treatment Imbruvica, which is marketed by J&J and AbbVie, witnessed a 30 percent increase in sales. With US$ 8.1 billion in 2019 revenues, it took the number five position. View Our Interactive Dashboard on Top drugs by sales in 2019 (Free Excel Available) Vaccines – Covid-19 turns competitors into partners This year has been dominated by the single biggest health emergency in years — the novel coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic. As drugs continue to fail to meet expectations, vaccine development has received a lot of attention.  GSK reported the highest vaccine sales of all drugmakers with total sales of US$ 8.4 billion (GBP 7.16 billion), a significant portion of its total sales of US$ 41.8 billion (GBP 33.754 billion).   US-based Merck’s vaccine division also reported a significant increase in sales to US$ 8.0 billion and in 2019 received FDA and EU approval to market its Ebola vaccine Ervebo. This is the first FDA-authorized vaccine against the deadly virus which causes hemorrhagic fever and spreads from person to person through direct contact with body fluids. Pfizer and Sanofi also reported an increase in their vaccine sales to US$ 6.4 billion and US$ 6.2 billion respectively and the Covid-19 pandemic has recently pushed drugmakers to move faster than ever before and has also converted competitors into partners. In a rare move, drug behemoths  — Sanofi and GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) —joined hands to develop a vaccine for the novel coronavirus. The two companies plan to start human trials in the second half of this year, and if things go right, they will file for potential approvals by the second half of 2021.  View Our Interactive Dashboard on Top drugs by sales in 2019 (Free Excel Available)  Our view Covid-19 has brought the world economy to a grinding halt and shifted the global attention to the pharmaceutical industry’s capability to deliver solutions to address this pandemic.  Our compilation shows that vaccines and drugs for infectious diseases currently form a tiny fraction of the total sales of pharmaceutical companies and few drugs against infectious diseases rank high on the sales list. This could well explain the limited range of options currently available to fight Covid-19. With the pandemic currently infecting over 3 million people spread across more than 200 countries, we can safely conclude that the scenario in 2020 will change substantially. And so should our compilation of top drugs for the year. View Our Interactive Dashboard on Top drugs by sales in 2019 (Free Excel Available)   

Impressions: 54822

29 Apr 2020
GSK’s overhaul begins under new CEO; Sandoz loses US$ 940 million lawsuit
This week, Phispers brings you news on GSK, whose new CEO is planning a slew of initiatives to make the British drug giant more competitive. This means more challenges for Luke Miels, AstraZeneca CEO Pascal Soriot’s former deputy who is joining GSK as head of pharma division. Soriot, on the other hand, put all rumors to rest in a memo to his staff. In other news, Donald Trump unveiled a glass vial project that will create more jobs in America. And Teva announced job cuts in Israel. While Momenta-Sandoz lost a case to Amphastar.   GSK overhaul begins under new CEO; AZ’s Soriot puts (Teva) rumors to rest in a memo   Pascal Soriot, chief executive of AstraZeneca, put all rumors to rest and told his staff that he expects to work together with them and see the company succeed. A report in the Israeli media earlier this month had said Soriot was in talks to join Teva. Last week, PharmaCompass reported that Soriot had dropped the offer. Though he did not mention Teva, in a memo, Soriot said: “Together, we are poised to achieve something remarkable and that few thought possible…Nothing can break the momentum you have established, and certainly not rumors.” Soriot is reportedly attending the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) annual meeting in Madrid in September, in case AstraZeneca has its clinical data on its new immunotherapy medicine ready to present at the event. Meanwhile, Soriot’s deputy, Luke Miels, is joining GlaxoSmithKline as head of its pharma division. And if news reports are to be believed, employees are going to need courage to work under the Emma Walmsley, the new CEO of the British drug giant. Walmsley is looking for ways to make GSK more competitive. And in order to achieve that, she is pushing some functions and a lot of accountability into GSK’s three divisions. Their leaders will own the successes, as well as any failures. According to news reports, GSK is selling its Horlicks brand in the UK, shutting the Slough plant where the malt drink is made and is abandoning a proposed US$ 457 million (£350 million) biopharmaceutical manufacturing plant in Cumbria.  Walmsley also wants to improve drug research productivity, and wants GSK to have fewer but potentially more lucrative new drug launches in the future. GSK is planning on scrapping more than 30 drug development programs and will focus 80 percent of its R&D budget on the top candidates in four therapeutic areas and potentially exit the rare disease space. Momenta-Sandoz lose case to Amphastar; AbbVie to pay US$ 150m in damages   In the US, Amphastar Pharmaceuticals won a case in a federal court against Momenta Pharmaceuticals Inc and its partner Novartis AG’s Sandoz unit. The two had sought nearly US$ 940 million in damages against Amphastar. Momenta and Sandoz had filed the lawsuit in 2011 after the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) had approved Amphastar’s generic version of Sanofi’s blockbuster Lovenox, an anticoagulant used to treat and prevent blood clots. The two companies had accused Amphastar of infringing on a patent held by them, through the production of a generic version of the blood-thinner Lovenox. In a statement, Momenta CEO Craig Wheeler said the company was disappointed and was considering its options, including a potential appeal. “We continue to believe in the importance of investing in innovative techniques for bringing products to market and protecting those innovations from unauthorized use,” he said. Momenta and Sandoz suffered a major setback earlier this year when Pfizer’s fill/finish manufacturing facility in McPherson, Kansas, received a warning letter from the USFDA. The compliance concern had been initially revealed by Momenta in a press statement as the company, in collaboration with Sandoz, is developing a generic version of Teva’s long-acting Copaxone® 40mg/mL (glatiramer acetate injection). Sandoz had tied up with Pfizer as its fill/finish manufacturing partner. Copaxone generated US$ 4.22 billion in sales last year. Meanwhile, a federal jury in Chicago found AbbVie Inc fraudulently misrepresented the risks of its testosterone replacement drug — AndroGel. The jury ordered AbbVie to pay US$ 150 million in punitive damages. A lawsuit had been filed in 2014 against AbbVie by Jesse Mitchell and his wife. The decision in the Mitchell case is the first in a series of test trials aimed at helping plaintiffs and manufacturers of AndroGel assess the range of damages and define a legal strategy and settlement options for such trials. The jury said AbbVie was not “negligent or strictly liable” for a heart attack Mitchell suffered after taking AndroGel. However, it said AbbVie falsely marketed the drug. And, it did not award Mitchell compensatory damages for his injuries and losses. Trump unveils glass vial project that is likely to create 4,000 jobs in the US   Last week, the US President Donald Trump announced an initiative to manufacture a new kind of glass for injectable drug vials. Corning Inc is making a US$ 500 million investment along with pharma giants Merck and Pfizer to manufacture these vials, which are likely to create nearly 1,000 jobs at facilities in New York and New Jersey and another ‘yet to be announced’ site in southeastern USA. This initiative was part of Trump's ‘Made in America’ week, during which he showcased America-made products. Trump also defended his administration’s ‘America First’ policies. He was joined by the CEOs of Corning, Merck and Pfizer. Trump said the deal could eventually result in a total investment of US$ 4 billion and create around 4,000 jobs. “This initiative will bring a key industry to our shores that for too long has been dominated by foreign countries. We’re moving more and more companies back into the United States,” Trump said. According to Trump, the glass is called Valor Glass and is a “substantial improvement” in quality over existing products. It has superior strength and is more damage-resistant. In Israel, Teva pulls out the job axe; Japan’s Mitsubishi Tanabe buys Neuroderm   Teva Pharmaceutical Industries recently announced that it is beginning negotiation with the labor groups in Israel. It is expected to cut 300 to 350 workers and managers at production sites in Histadrut and Ramat Hovav in the coming months. This move will be yet another step towards Teva’s restructuring and business focus, aimed at bolstering the competitiveness of its sites in Israel. Post this announcement, Histadrut called a work dispute, which will permit employees to strike in 14 days time. Teva currently has 7,000 employees in Israel. Histradrut spokesman Yaniv Levy said: “We will not accept any unilateral measure in which workers are laid off at Teva. We expect the company’s management to act responsibly, and not to involve Teva’s plants in Israel in a series of conflicts that will escalate labor relations.” Meanwhile, Japan's Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma has agreed to buy Israeli drug maker Neuroderm for US$ 1.1 billion in cash as part of a strategy to grow its business in the US. Mitsubishi Tanabe said it is particularly attracted by Neuroderm’s Parkinson’s disease drug that is in advanced clinical trials in the US and Europe and is likely to be launched in 2019. A minor molecule twist could be the solution to cancer that killed Steve Jobs   Last week, a nuclear medicine targeted at the type of cancer that killed former Apple Inc co-founder and CEO Steve Jobs got a nod from the European Medicines Agency (EMA), boosting prospects for its developer — Advanced Accelerator Applications (AAA). The EU drugs regulator said its Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) had recommended the product — Lutathera (lutetium 177 dotatate). This emerging treatment targets gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), including foregut, midgut, and hindgut neuroendocrine tumors in adults. The drug is likely to get a full approval in the coming two months. Stefano Buono, chief executive officer of AAA, said the company was also ready to re-file its application for US marketing approval with the USFDA this month. This French biotech company has described the new drug as a “multi-hundred million” dollar opportunity. Lutathera has the potential to transform AAA’s fortunes. Buono’s AAA, which was spun off from Europe’s physics research centre CERN 15 years ago, had sales from existing diagnostic products of US$ 34.9 million in the first quarter of 2017. Lutathera is unusual in harnessing the same molecule that is already used to diagnose cancer to also deliver treatment. After Celgene, Cardinal Health pulls out of China due to regulatory concerns   After Celgene decided to reduce its footprint in China earlier this month, in order to support only its clinical development and regulatory affairs activities in the country, this week we heard about US drug distributor Cardinal Health putting its China business on the block. As per news reports, state-backed Chinese pharma companies have evinced interest in a deal that may be worth up to US$ 1.5 billion. Shanghai Pharmaceutical, China Resources Pharmaceutical, and Sinopharm are among those evincing interest in buying Cardinal Health, one of China’s largest drug distributors. Ohio-based Cardinal wants to exit the country due to concerns around China's upcoming drug distribution reform, which is likely to slow down its growth. Cardinal has also been diversifying — in April it announced a US$ 6.1 billion deal for Medtronic Plc’s medical supplies units. It has reportedly hired Lazard as an adviser for the China sale and the first round of bidding is due later this week.Meanwhile, Celgene is offloading its Chinese operations to the biopharmaceutical major Beigene. It is also giving Beigene the rights to Abraxane, Revlimid and Vidaza in China. This way, Beigene will assume responsibility for making and selling the approved drugs, along with Celgene’s pipeline prospect CC-122 in China. Celgene had also announced that it would buy a stake in BeiGene to help develop and commercialize the China-based cancer immunotherapy developer's treatment for solid tumor cancers, expanding its position in the field of immuno-oncology. When the deal closes in the third quarter of this year, Beigene will instantly become a commercial-stage biotech.  

Impressions: 2922

27 Jul 2017
Dr. Reddy’s expansion plans for API production
Unrelated to the inspection of the USFDA at the Dr. Reddys Srikakulam facility, Dr. Reddys sought permission from the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change to expand their drug and intermediate manufacturing at three locations. All three chemical technical operation (CTO) units, CTO-I, CTO-II & CTO-III are located in Medak district and the announced planned capacity increases along with the anticipated capital investment were   Existing Capacity Planned Capacity Anticipated Investment CTO I 14.7 TPM 45.5 TPM Rs 30 crores CTO II 21.9 TPM 68.9 TPM Rs 45 crores CTO - III 4.45 TPM 28.1 TPM Rs 12 crores  *$1 million is approximately about Rs 6.2 crores & TPM is tons per month In addition, the declaration given by Dr. Reddys also mentions the various products which will be produced at each facility (table below). Needless to say, the plans are ambitious however with the growth witnessed by the Indian pharmaceutical industry over the past decade, one can understand Dr. Reddys commitment to investing further in their business.   Table Dr. Reddys production plans at various facilities Product Name Planned Capacity (TPM) Facility Location Alendronate Sodium Trihydrate 6.67 CTO - III Alfuzosin 2.33 CTO - I Altretamine 0.03 CTO - I Amlodipine Besylate 33.33 CTO - II Amlodipine Besylate 133.33 CTO - III Amlodipine Besylate ( Ethyl 4 [2- (pthalamide)ethoxy] aceto acetate (TDM-2) 100 CTO - II Amlodipine Maleate 30 CTO - III Amsacrine 0.07 CTO - I Anastrazole 0.83 CTO - II Aprepitant 3.33 CTO - III Aripiprazole 0.33 CTO - II Atomoxetine 1.67 CTO - III Atorvastatin  375.83 CTO - II Azacitidine 0.67 CTO - I Bicalutamide 0.03 CTO - II Bivalirudin 0.03 CTO - II Bivalirudin Trifluoro Acetate 0.03 CTO - I Bortezomib 0.03 CTO - I Cabazitaxel 0.02 CTO - I Candesartan cilexetil 6.67 CTO - II Cetirizine Hydrochloride 66.67 CTO - I  Cetirizine 16.67 CTO - II Ciprofloxacin 176.67 CTO - II Ciprofloxacin HCl  533.33 CTO - II Ciprofloxacin Lactate 33.33 CTO - II Clopidogrel Bisulfate 500 CTO - I Clopidogrel Premix 166.67 CTO - II Diluted Everolimus 5% (Everolimus) 0.33 CTO - II Disodium Pamidronate 0.33 CTO - III Docetaxel 1.9 CTO - I Dutasteride 3.33 CTO - II Esomeprazole magnesium 66.67 CTO - III Ezetimibe 3.33 CTO - II Fexofenadine Hydrochloride  500 CTO - I Finasteride 10 CTO - II Fluoxetine 110 CTO - I Fondaparinux Sodium 0.33 CTO - II Galantamine 0.03 CTO - II Gemcitabine 13.33 CTO - I Glimepiride 13.33 CTO - II Imatinib 0.17 CTO - I Irinotecan 0.33 CTO - I Ketorolac 66.67 CTO - II Lacidipine 5 CTO - III Lamotrigine 33.33 CTO - I Lansoprozole 8.33 CTO - III Letrozole 0.03 CTO - II Levocetrizine Di HCl 10 CTO - III Levofloxacin 200 CTO - II Lomustine 1.33 CTO - I Losartan Postassium 150 CTO - I Meloxicam 0.03 CTO - I Memantine HCl 3.33 CTO - II Mesalamine 0.03 CTO - II Metoprolol Succinate 266.67 CTO - II Moxifloxacin 116.67 CTO - II Norfloxacin  0.03 CTO - I Omeprazole 133.33 CTO - III Omeprazole Magnesium 50 CTO - III Omeprazole Sodium 10 CTO - III Omerprazole Form B 33.33 CTO - III Paclitaxel 0.33 CTO - I Pantoprazole Sodium 100 CTO - III paroxetine HCl 0.03 CTO - II Pemetrexed 0.67 CTO - I Rabeprazole Sodium 83.33 CTO - III Raloxifene 33.33 CTO - II Ramipril 100 CTO - III Repaglinide 6.67 CTO - II Rivastigmine 6.67 CTO - II Risperidone 13.33 CTO - I Rivastigmine 6.667 CTO - I Rizatriptan Benzoate 1.33 CTO - II Rocuronium Bromide 0.03 CTO - II Ropinrole HCl 1.83 CTO - III Rosiglitazone 3.33 CTO - II Sparfloxacin 3.33 CTO - I Tacrolimus 5 CTO - II Tadalafil 3.33 CTO - II Telmisartan 100 CTO - II Temozolamide 0.03 CTO - I Terbinafine HCl 133.33 CTO - III Tizanidine HCl 16.67 CTO - III Topotecan 0.07 CTO - I valganciclovir 0.03 CTO - I Vardenafil 3.33 CTO - II Voriconazole 8.33 CTO - III Ziprasidone Hydrochloride 100 CTO - I Zoledronic acid 0.33 CTO - III Zolmitriptan 0.83 CTO - I Zonisamide 0.03 CTO - II

Impressions: 3103

03 Apr 2015